Pagination with Spring REST and AngularJS table – 用Spring REST和AngularJS表格进行分页

最后修改: 2016年 8月 17日


1. Overview


In this article, we will mainly focus on implementing server side pagination in a Spring REST API and a simple AngularJS front-end.

在这篇文章中,我们将主要关注在Spring REST API和一个简单的AngularJS前端实现服务器端分页。

We’ll also explore a commonly used table grid in Angular named UI Grid.


2. Dependencies


Here we detail various dependencies that are required for this article.


2.1. JavaScript


In order for Angular UI Grid to work, we will need the below scripts imported in our HTML.

为了让Angular UI网格工作,我们需要在我们的HTML中导入以下脚本。

2.2. Maven


For our backend we will be using Spring Boot, so we’ll need the below dependencies:

对于我们的后端,我们将使用Spring Boot,所以我们将需要以下依赖。


Note: Other dependencies were not specified here, for the full list, check the complete pom.xml in the GitHub project.


3. About the Application


The application is a simple student’s directory app which allows users to see the student details in a paginated table grid.


The application uses Spring Boot and runs in an embedded Tomcat server with an embedded database.

该应用程序使用Spring Boot,并在一个具有嵌入式数据库的嵌入式Tomcat服务器中运行。

Finally, on the API side of things, there are a few ways to do pagination, described in the REST Pagination in Spring article here – which is highly recommended reading in conjunction with this article.

最后,在API方面,有几种方法可以进行分页,在REST Pagination in Spring文章中描述了这一点–强烈建议与本文一起阅读。

Our solution here is simple – having the paging information in a URI query as follows: /student/get?page=1&size=2.


4. The Client Side


First, we need to create the client-side logic.


4.1. The UI-Grid


Our index.html will have the imports we need and a simple implementation of the table grid:


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en" ng-app="app">
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="
        <script src="
        <script src="
        <script src="view/app.js"></script>
        <div ng-controller="StudentCtrl as vm">
            <div ui-grid="gridOptions" class="grid" ui-grid-pagination>

Let’s have a closer look at the code:


  • ng-app – is the Angular directive that loads the module app. All elements under these will be part of the app module
  • ng-controller – is the Angular directive that loads the controller StudentCtrl with an alias of vm. All elements under these will be part of the StudentCtrl controller
  • ui-grid – is the Angular directive that belongs to Angular ui-grid and uses gridOptions as its default settings, gridOptions is declared under $scope in app.js

4.2. The AngularJS Module


Let’s first define the module in app.js:


var app = angular.module('app', ['ui.grid','ui.grid.pagination']);

We declared the app module and we injected ui.grid to enable UI-Grid functionality; we also injected ui.grid.pagination to enable pagination support.


Next, we’ll define the controller:


app.controller('StudentCtrl', ['$scope','StudentService', 
    function ($scope, StudentService) {
        var paginationOptions = {
            pageNumber: 1,
            pageSize: 5,
        sort: null

        $ = data.content;
        $scope.gridOptions.totalItems = data.totalElements;

    $scope.gridOptions = {
        paginationPageSizes: [5, 10, 20],
        paginationPageSize: paginationOptions.pageSize,
    useExternalPagination: true,
        columnDefs: [
           { name: 'id' },
           { name: 'name' },
           { name: 'gender' },
           { name: 'age' }
        onRegisterApi: function(gridApi) {
           $scope.gridApi = gridApi;
             function (newPage, pageSize) {
               paginationOptions.pageNumber = newPage;
               paginationOptions.pageSize = pageSize;
                   $ = data.content;
                   $scope.gridOptions.totalItems = data.totalElements;

Let’s now have a look at the custom pagination settings in $scope.gridOptions:


  • paginationPageSizes – defines the available page size options
  • paginationPageSize – defines the default page size
  • enableColumnMenus – is used to enable/disable the menu on columns
  • useExternalPagination – is required if you are paginating on the server side
  • columnDefs – the column names that will be automatically mapped to the JSON object returned from the server. The field names in the JSON Object returned from the server and the column name defined should match.
  • onRegisterApi – the ability to register public methods events inside the grid. Here we registered the gridApi.pagination.on.paginationChanged to tell UI-Grid to trigger this function whenever the page was changed.

And to send the request to the API:


app.service('StudentService',['$http', function ($http) {

    function getStudents(pageNumber,size) {
        pageNumber = pageNumber > 0?pageNumber - 1:0;
        return $http({
          method: 'GET',
            url: 'student/get?page='+pageNumber+'&size='+size
    return {
        getStudents: getStudents

5. The Backend and the API


5.1. The RESTful Service


Here’s the simple RESTful API implementation with pagination support:

这里是简单的RESTful API实现,支持分页。

public class StudentDirectoryRestController {

    private StudentService service;

      value = "/student/get", 
      params = { "page", "size" }, 
      method = RequestMethod.GET
    public Page<Student> findPaginated(
      @RequestParam("page") int page, @RequestParam("size") int size) {

        Page<Student> resultPage = service.findPaginated(page, size);
        if (page > resultPage.getTotalPages()) {
            throw new MyResourceNotFoundException();

        return resultPage;

The @RestController was introduced in Spring 4.0 as a convenience annotation which implicitly declares @Controller and @ResponseBody.

@RestController在Spring 4.0中作为一个方便的注解被引入,它隐含地声明了@Controller@ResponseBody。

For our API, we declared it to accept two parameters which are page and size that would also determine the number of records to return to the client.


We also added a simple validation that will throw a MyResourceNotFoundException if the page number is higher than the total pages.


Finally, we’ll return Page as the Response – this is a super helpful component of Spring Data which has held pagination data.

最后,我们将返回Page作为响应–这是Spring Data的一个超级有用的组件,它已经持有分页数据。

5.2. The Service Implementation


Our service will simply return the records based on page and size provided by the controller:


public class StudentServiceImpl implements StudentService {

    private StudentRepository dao;

    public Page<Student> findPaginated(int page, int size) {
        return dao.findAll(new PageRequest(page, size));

5.3. The Repository Implementation


For our persistence layer, we’re using an embedded database and Spring Data JPA.

对于我们的持久层,我们正在使用一个嵌入式数据库和Spring Data JPA。

First, we need to setup our persistence config:


@ComponentScan(basePackages = { "com.baeldung.web" })
public class PersistenceConfig {

    public JdbcTemplate getJdbcTemplate() {
        return new JdbcTemplate(dataSource());

    public DataSource dataSource() {
        EmbeddedDatabaseBuilder builder = new EmbeddedDatabaseBuilder();
        EmbeddedDatabase db = builder
        return db;

The persistence config is simple – we have @EnableJpaRepositories to scan the specified package and find our Spring Data JPA repository interfaces.

持久性配置很简单–我们有@EnableJpaRepositories来扫描指定的包并找到我们的Spring Data JPA仓库接口。

We have the @ComponentScan here to automatically scan for all beans and we have @EntityScan (from Spring Boot) to scan for entity classes.

我们有@ComponentScan 来自动扫描所有Bean,我们有@EntityScan (来自Spring Boot)来扫描实体类。

We also declared our simple datasource – using an embedded database that will run the SQL script provided on startup.


Now it’s time we create our data repository:


public interface StudentRepository extends JpaRepository<Student, Long> {}

This is basically all that we need to do here; if you want to go deeper into how to set up and use the highly powerful Spring Data JPA, definitely read the guide to it here.

这基本上就是我们在这里需要做的所有事情;如果您想深入了解如何设置和使用功能强大的 Spring Data JPA,请务必阅读这里的指南

6. Pagination Request and Response


When calling the API – http://localhost:8080/student/get?page=1&size=5, the JSON response will look something like this:

当调用API时– http://localhost:8080/student/get?page=1&size=5,JSON响应将看起来像这样。


One thing to notice here is that server returns a DTO, wrapping our Student Resources.

这里需要注意的是,服务器返回一个 DTO,包装了我们的Student资源。

The Page object will have the following fields:


  • last – set to true if its the last page otherwise false
  • first – set to true if it’s the first page otherwise false
  • totalElements – the total number of rows/records. In our example, we passed this to the ui-grid options $scope.gridOptions.totalItems to determine how many pages will be available
  • totalPages – the total number of pages which was derived from (totalElements / size)
  • size – the number of records per page, this was passed from the client via param size
  • number – the page number sent by the client, in our response the number is 0 because in our backend we are using an array of Students which is a zero-based index, so in our backend, we decrement the page number by 1
  • sort – the sorting parameter for the page
  • numberOfElements – the number of rows/records return for the page

7. Testing Pagination


Let’s now set up a test for our pagination logic, using RestAssured; to learn more about RestAssured you can have a look at this tutorial.


7.1. Preparing the Test


For ease of development of our test class we will be adding the static imports:



Next, we’ll set up the Spring enabled test:


@SpringApplicationConfiguration(classes = Application.class)

The @SpringApplicationConfiguration helps Spring know how to load the ApplicationContext, in this case, we used the to configure our ApplicationContext.


The @WebAppConfiguration was defined to tell Spring that the ApplicationContext to be loaded should be a WebApplicationContext.


And the @IntegrationTest was defined to trigger the application startup when running the test, this makes our REST services available for testing.


7.2. The Tests

Here is our first test case:


public void givenRequestForStudents_whenPageIsOne_expectContainsNames() {
    given().params("page", "0", "size", "2").get(ENDPOINT)
      .assertThat().body("", hasItems("Bryan", "Ben"));

This test case above is to test that when page 1 and size 2 is passed to the REST service the JSON content returned from the server should have the names Bryan and Ben.


Let’s dissect the test case:


  • given – the part of RestAssured and is used to start building the request, you can also use with()
  • get – the part of RestAssured and if used triggers a get request, use post() for post request
  • hasItems – the part of hamcrest that checks if the values have any match

We add a few more test cases:


public void givenRequestForStudents_whenResourcesAreRetrievedPaged_thenExpect200() {
    given().params("page", "0", "size", "2").get(ENDPOINT)

This test asserts that when the point is actually called an OK response is received:


public void givenRequestForStudents_whenSizeIsTwo_expectNumberOfElementsTwo() {
    given().params("page", "0", "size", "2").get(ENDPOINT)
      .assertThat().body("numberOfElements", equalTo(2));

This test asserts that when page size of two is requested the pages size that is returned is actually two:


public void givenResourcesExist_whenFirstPageIsRetrieved_thenPageContainsResources() {
    given().params("page", "0", "size", "2").get(ENDPOINT)
      .assertThat().body("first", equalTo(true));

This test asserts that when the resources are called the first time the first page name value is true.


There are many more tests in the repository, so definitely have a look at the GitHub project.


8. Conclusion


This article illustrated how to implement a data table grid using UI-Grid in AngularJS and how to implement the required server-side pagination.


The implementation of these examples and tests can be found in the GitHub project. This is a Maven project, so it should be easy to import and run as it is.


To run the Spring boot project, you can simply do mvn spring-boot:run and access it locally on http://localhost:8080/.

要运行Spring boot项目,你可以简单地执行mvn spring-boot:run,并在本地http://localhost:8080/。访问它。